Registration Policy

country code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) .GT
Administration Policy

                             

In 1992, the "Internet Assigned Numbers Authority" (IANA) delegated to the Universidad del Valle in Guatemala (UVG onwards) he administration of country code top-level domain (ccTLD for its acronym in English) ".gt".

The UVG agrees to follow the generally accepted guidelines for such operations, especially those embodied in the documents:

The following items describe the policies adopted by the UVG to ensure an efficient, fair and impartial operation.

Responsibilities

The main function of the UVG, in the administration of the .gt ccTLD, is of public service. As such, the UVG serves the community of the Republic of Guatemala as well as the global Internet community. This administration should be judged solely by its performance and the degree to which satisfies the needs of the local community and the Internet.

Any matter that is related to intellectual property rights or otherwise, trademarks and/or registered names as domain names, or parts of them, are outside the responsibility of the UVG.

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Registration

The UVG shall publish on the website the policies and procedures that will guide the registration and administration of domain names so that the operation is completely transparent.

The UVG will be equitable and fair to all qualified applicants, wishing to apply for domain names. Specifically, the same rules apply to all applications and these will be processed without discrimination.

The domain names to apply for must be under a established subdomain which are:

  • .com.gt (open)
  • .edu.gt *(educational institutions)
  • .net.gt (open)
  • .gob.gt *(Guatemala Government agencies)
  • .org.gt (open)
  • .mil.gt *(institutions of the armed forces of the Republic of Guatemala)
  • .ind.gt (individuals)
  • .gt Segundo Nivel (open) [Starting on May 29th, 2012]

The subdomains .edu, .gob y .mil are closed* and the applicant must prove the affiliation of their institution to be eligible for one. Only one closed domain name will be delegated per institution.

*Only one closed domain name will be delegated per institution.
   [And the equivalent IDN when appropriate.]

For the delegation of a closed* domain should be sent by email, fax or physically to our office (J-204) the following documents:

- Photocopy of a document from the competent authority indicating that the entity actually pertains to an educational**, governmental or military sector.
- Photocopy of a document stating that the person is, indeed, the legal representative or director.
- Photocopy of a document of identification of the legal representative or director.

** Institutions that provide education:
** From 0 to 4 years: Approval from the Social Welfare Secretariat of the Presidency.
** Middle and High Schools: Approval from Ministry of Education.
** Universities: Approval from Council of Private Higher Education (CEPS)

The subdomain .ind will be used only with legal names of individuals.

If an applicant believes that the name he requires does not fit in any of these, he can request the opening of a new subdomain. The case will be studied to see whether it deserves to be added or not to this list.

The UVG can not register generic Top Level Domains (gTLD) like .com, .net, .edu, etc.. To get one of these it is necesary that the applicant reaches out any of the entities that has been empowered by IANA/ICANN.

To register a domain name, the applicant must agree to the terms and conditions embodied in the policies and terms established.

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Domain Names

The domain names are not sold, they are delegated to an entity or person for a renewable period. Therefore, neither can nor should be considered property of the applicant.

The UVG recognizes that many organizations will have the need and/or the desire to reserve a domain name without it being put into operation. In this case, the procedure is the same as indicated under the heading Procedures, including payment. Simply it would not be placed on-line until it is required by the applicant.

If after receiving a request for a domain name registration 4 calendar days pass without receiving payment, the domain name will be placed on availability again.

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States of a domain name

  • Available: It is a pseudo-state, since no record is kept of all possible domain names to be requested. Its function is to represent that the domain name is not delegated to any entity and therefore is free for subscription.

  • Reserved: Represents a domain name that has been requested throughout the application form, but the payment or the paperwork are still pending. This state has a maximum duration of 4 calendar days for open domain names and 30 calendar days for closed domain names, after which it returns to the Available state.
    • A domain name can not be reserved 2 times consecutively by the same entity.

  • Registered: Identifies the domain names for which payment has been received [open domain names] or the paperwork has been received [closed domain names]. This domain is enabled for use.
    • You can extend the duration of this state by renewing the period of registration of the domain name.
    • This state is effective until the expiration date of the current period of registration, after which it changes to the expired state.

  • Expired: Describe the domain names whose registration period has reached its expired date, also known as the grace period, in which is given the opportunity to renew the registration period without affecting the operation of the domain name.
    • You can switch from this state to the registered state by paying a minimum of two years for open domain names or updating the information stored in the Registry for closed domain names.
    • This state is valid for two weeks (15 calendar days) after the expiration date of the registration period. If renewal payment [open domain names] or the update of the information registered [closed domain names] is not received, the domain name changes to the Blocked state.

  • Blocked: Points out the domain names that exceeded the period of grace in the expired state and are currently without service.
    • You can switch from this state to the registered state by paying a minimum of two years for open domain names or updating the information stored in the Registry for closed domain names.
    • This state is valid for two weeks (15 calendar days) after the expiration date of the registration period. If renewal payment [open domain names] or the update of the information registered [closed domain names] is not received, the domain name changes to the Available state, and the domain name record will be deleted from the Registry's data base.
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Syntax Rules

The domain names must meet the following syntax rules.

  • Available third level domain names
    Open:
    • .com.gt
    • .net.gt
    • .org.gt
    • .ind.gt
    Closed:
    • .edu.gt (educational institutions)
    • .gob.gt (Guatemala Government agencies)
    • .mil.gt (institutions of the armed forces of the Republic of Guatemala)

  • Valid elements
    • The domain name may be composed of elements of the following sets:
      • Letters: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
      • Digits: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
      • Symbols: -
      • International: á, é, í, ó, ú, ü and ñ [starting on May 29th, 2012]
    • The domain name can not begin or end with a hyphen -)
    • Domain names can not begin with xn--
    • Domain names can not have hyphens in the 3rd and 4th position.
    • Domain names are not case-sensitive.

  • Length
    • The minimum length is 1 element (not including subdomains).
    • The maximum length is 63 items (not including subdomains).

  • Reserved words
    • Reserved by ICANN
      aero afrinic apnic arin arpa asia
      aso biz cat ccnso com coop
      edu example gnso gov gtld-servers iab
      iana iana-servers icann iesg ietf info
      int internic irtf istf jobs lacnic
      latnic mil mobi museum name net
      org pro rfc-editor ripe root-servers tel
      travel          

    • Reserved by ccTLD .gt Administration
      gob ind nic registrar registry whois www
      lactld dominio dominios registro registros nombre nombres
      usuario usuarios administración admon      

    • Reserved for their relation to the Internet
      admin dns domain epp ftp gopher
      html http https icmp igmp imap
      ip ipv4 ipv6 ldap localhost loghost
      loopback mailbox mailhost ntp password pop
      pop2 pop3 root shell smtp snmp
      ssh ssl syslog tcp telnet udp
      username wap wpad      

    • Common names of the departments of the Republic of Guatemala.
      Reserved for departamental governments
      altaverapaz bajaverapaz chimaltenango chiquimula
      elprogreso escuintla guatemala huehuetenango
      izabal jalapa jutiapa peten
      quetzaltenango quiche retalhuleu sacatepequez
      sanmarcos santarosa solola suchitepequez
      totonicapan zacapa    

    • Common names of the 334 municipalities of the Republic of Guatemala.
      Reserved for municipal governments

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Data Privacy

The UVG, in compliance with the policies recognized as a standard for managing domain names, will keep protected information that applicants have provided. However, for the proper functioning of the name resolution systems and WHOIS systems, is made available to the general public the following information:

  • Domain Name.
  • Name of the entity or individual that requested it.
  • Names and phone numbers of administrative and technical contacts.
  • Domain name servers list.

Suggested policies by WIPO and ICANN were adopted not to allow access to lists of registered domain names. So you can only search for individual domain names.

The only exception to this policy will be upon receipt of a court order.

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Resolution of disputes

The UVG, in its capacity as registrar of Internet domain names within the ccTLD .gt, is not empowered and can not evaluate, review or investigate the right that has each applicant/holder to use or register each domain name in the ccTLD .gt.

For this reason, the UVG, as part of the domain name system in the Internet, has adopted the Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy approved by ICANN.

ICANN has a list of Arbitration and Mediation Center authorized to manage conflicts over domain name registrations on the Internet. From these, for the ease with which they work in the Spanish language, the UVG has made arrangements with WIPO to be your Arbitration and Mediation Center who handles disputes arising within the Internet domain of the ccTLD .gt, see Dispute Resolution Policy of the Universidad del Valle de Guatemala.

Any other dispute related to a domain name registration in the .gt ccTLD, may be solved by the parties concerned through the competent court, in accordance with the terms of service for the internet domain name, or by arbitration or conciliation.

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Technical Operations

The UVG is committed to making all registration data duly safeguarded against damage and loss. This is done through the use of best available technology for such purposes.

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Changes to these policies

The UVG reserves the right to modify or amend this policy at any time. Users should review these policies, with some frequency, as they are subject to them, and any modifications made to them.

Changes to these policies are effective as of the date and time of their appearance at http://www.gt site. The exception is for changes to the Dispute Policy that will be effective thirty (30) days after its appearance on this site.

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